Wood is very versatile as a material. However, as a natural material wood also is a very complicated material, this is true for solid wood as well as fiber sheets and wood composites. In Germany, several research institutes conduct research on wood, but only Kaiserslautern has instituted an image processing department that manages a lab that combines innovative image processing with timber construction. The fundamental concept is not only to combine various analytical techniques, but also to replace or expand traditional testing methods, at least partially, through modeling and simulation of wood materials. The lab is not intended to compete with other labs existing in Kaiserslautern (TUK, Institute for Composite Materials IVW ), rather to complement them with new methods and simulations.