Supporting Decisions with Mathematical Modeling and Simulation
When optimizing the location structure, the first step is to perform an accessibility analysis based on the rescue stations. For this purpose, a speed profile is estimated specifically for rescue vehicles with special signals on the basis of historical deployment data. With complete travel time information from each possible rescue station location to each possible deployment location, »optimal« location combinations can be calculated. »Optimal« means that as many inhabitants as possible can be reached in as short a time as possible from a rescue station. The statutory maximum travel time of 15 minutes must, of course, be adhered to everywhere.
In a second step, we subject the most promising location combinations to a »practical test«. This involves a detailed simulation of the operations of recent years – with a modified location structure. In this way, we take into account the highly dynamic nature of the rescue service with its time-based availability and on-the-road alerting. Based on the results, we comprehensively analyze and estimate the effects of location shifts. In this way, we provide decision-makers with a sound basis for providing the population with the best possible rescue services in the future.