Automated machines determine the image of highly productive agriculture. Increasingly larger working widths and speeds as well as increasing degrees of automation have led not only to a significant rise in productivity, but also to heavier machines. Fertilization, excessive use of herbicides, pesticides, and fungicides, or various types of genetically modified seeds also cause permanent damage to the biosphere. Organic agriculture has evolved as an alternative. Here, the focus is on resource-friendly farming, and productivity losses are accepted deliberately.
The digitalization, automation and electrification of agricultural processes offer numerous starting points for finding the right balance between sustainability and productivity. The Fraunhofer lighthouse project »Cognitive Agriculture« aims to automatically collect data about complex interrelationships in farming and, based on that, to support decision-making processes in the value network.